Biodiversity - including agro-biodiversity - is essential to sustaining food production.
The mainstream move towards farm specialisation and high-input farming practices such as the use of synthetic fertilisers and pesticides, has led to uniform landscapes and a loss of biodiversity. Organic agriculture is a holistic farming system which aims to work with living ecological systems and cycles and avoids harmful impacts on biodiversity.
Studies show that through diverse crop rotations and intercropping, organic farms increase pollination and host 30% more species and 50% more fauna that conventional farming, which helps farmers to keep pests under control naturally.
The IFOAM EU Group advocates for appropriate policies to promote the sustainable use and further development of a diversity of genetic resources in farming for the benefit of food security, society and farmers.