Water is an essential resource for farming. At the same time, food production puts this resource under pressure: agriculture accounts for around 24% of total water use in the European Union, and up to 80% in some regions. Moreover, the use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers is decreasing water quality and generating enormous costs for society. In 2007, the cost was estimated at €190 for the UK alone.

Keeping water sources in good health, improving their quality and responsibly using natural resources form an important part of the organic farming principles, and are reflected in article 3 of the EU Organic Regulation (EC 834/2007).

The IFOAM EU Group advocates for a comprehensive approach towards the careful use of water throughout the food chain and supports the implementation of policies that protect water sources.