IFOAM EU and FIBL present their study: Socioeconomic Impacts of GMOs on European agriculture
GMOs are massively imported in the European Union and have been grown in few European countries. Because of the high risk of adventitious presence at different steps of the production chain and despite the ‘polluter pays’ principle, the organic sector and the conventional GMO-free sector need to implement suitable and expensive measures to avoid contamination. This is why IFOAM EU and FiBL studied the socioeconomic impacts of GMOs on the European agriculture.
The study concludes that coexistence in breeding and seed production is unfeasible. The highest costs related to coexistence are testing and certification costs. Moreover, the study brings to light the unbearable situation of the organic sector when risks of contamination are too high: operators are obliged to adapt the production and to abandon certain types of productions. Such a situation is inacceptable: the organic sector should not bear the costs related to biotechnologies and should be free to produce without GMOs. IFOAM EU will continue its advocacy work to raise that concern towards European policy-makers. The study focusses on four different production chains in five different countries and was conducted based on interviews with 17 company representatives. The main results of the study were presented at Biofach on 13 February. This research was part of IFOAM EU’s ‘Keeping GMOs out of food’ project