PRESS RELEASE: Organic food and farming movement asks for immediate action on new genetic engineering techniques

BRUSSELS, 7 NOVEMBER 2019 – Tomorrow, the Council of the European Union is expected to
request a new study and a legal proposal on new genetic engineering techniques to the European
Commission. IFOAM EU demands immediate action by the European Commission and national
authorities to ensure the traceability of new GMOs.

Eric Gall, IFOAM EU Policy Manager explains why: “The legal status of new genetic engineering
techniques is crystal clear since the 2018 ruling of the European Court of Justice. The Court deems
the European legal framework on GMOs is fit to regulate the new techniques. What we need now is
action from the Commission to ensure a proper implementation of the law by Member States and to
develop detection methods, not a delay of the enforcement of the legislation”.

The organic movement is concerned that the proposed study could stall the implementation
altogether, leaving European farmers, the food industry and consumers exposed to non-approved
GMOs. IFOAM EU is against a legal proposal that would exempt the new genetic engineering
techniques form the risk assessment, traceability and labelling that apply to GMOs.

As Eric Gall puts it, “any attempt to bypass the Court of Justice’s ruling with a new legal proposal
would amount to taking away consumers’ right to know how their food is produced and deprive
operators in the food production chain from the means of identifying GMOs.”

According to IFOAM EU, it must be a priority for the EU Commission and national authorities to:

  • Subject new genetic engineering techniques to risk assessment, traceability and labelling that
  • apply to GMOs;
  • Prioritise that the EU network of GMO laboratories develops methods and strategies to
  • identify unknown genome edited products, based on a clear EU mandate and funding;
  • Demand that imports of rapeseed and soybean from the USA and Canada are certified as
  • free from new GMOs that are not authorised in the EU;
  • Instruct national food authorities to carry out the necessary controls.



At the ECOFIN Council on 8 November, ministers are expected to approve a Council Decision. This
decision requests the Commission “to submit a study on the Union's options for addressing the legal
situation of 'novel genomic techniques’”. This study will be “followed up by a [legislative] proposal if
appropriate in view of the outcomes of the study”.

The ruling from the European Court of Justice of July 2018 clarified that all GMOs, old and new, are
subject to the EU’s obligations for risk assessment, authorisation, traceability and labelling. According
to IFOAM EU, this is essential since the genetic engineering process can lead to unexpected
outcomes that are not detected by the internal controls of the biotechnology industry, as a recent
example of “genome edited” cattle
has shown. Subjecting new genetic engineering techniques to
the same rules as GMOs is also the only way to safeguard traceability and transparency for breeders,
farmers, food and feed producers, traders, retailers and consumers, from organic or conventional
production alike.

For more information please contact:

Eva Berckmans, Communications Officer
+32 (0)2 416 52 32, eva.berckmans [at] (eva.berckmans [at]

Martin Sommer, Policy Coordinator on GMOs, Patent and Seeds
+32 (0)2 416 27 63, martin.sommer [at] (martin.sommer [at]

Or visit

IFOAM EU represents more than 210 member organisations in the EU-28, the EU accession countries
and EFTA. Member organisations span the entire organic food chain and beyond: from farmers and
processors organisations, retailers, certifiers, consultants, traders and researchers to environmental
and consumer advocacy bodies

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