Biodiversity - including agro-biodiversity - is essential to sustaining food production.
The mainstream move towards farm specialisation and high-input farming practices such as the use of synthetic fertilisers and pesticides, has led to uniform landscapes and a loss of biodiversity. Organic agriculture is a holistic farming system which aims to work with living ecological systems and cycles and avoids harmful impacts on biodiversity.
The European Commission's roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe includes the aim to reduce resource inputs in food production 20% by 2020. Organic food and farming systems can play a leading role in meeting this challenge.